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國際智能趨勢|解密 2021 Google I/O 大會亮點

國際智能趨勢|解密 2021 Google I/O 大會亮點

圖 / 網路素材 文/Ivy

什麼是Google I/O?

Google I/O是每年一度的Google開發人員大會,Google會在此大會上宣布其現有應用和服務的新硬體、軟體及各種更新。而與以往形式不同,本次在5/18-5/21舉辦的Google I/O採取線上免費直播形式,會後還有座談會可以與Google人員互動交流。

此次Google 提出許多讓人興奮的軟體升級新功能,如升級後的Android 12 部分手機已可當成數位車鑰匙使用、Google Maps 提供更精確的即時街景,減少車子煞停次數並最佳化路徑,且可標記人潮區域、避免擁擠或群聚的風險、Google Photos可由AI自動整理回顧照片集,用機器學習的方式一秒製作3D照片,建立專屬於你的回憶。

智能家居粉注意!Google Nest 與 Android設備將支持新的Matter 智能家居標準

Matter 是由智能家居三大系統(Google, Apple, Amazon)及數家科技公司組成的「連接標準聯盟」(CSA) 所推出的智慧家庭連網標準。提供單一整合標準,三大生態系(Google Assistant, Apple HomeKit, Amazon Alexa)產品經由Matter認證,使用者不用再擔心買了A產品、可不可以用B系統控制的相關問題!Google I/O正式宣佈Google Nest 及 Android設備將Matter作為智能家居新標準。透過此標準全部具有Thread無線功能的Nest Wifi, Nest Hub Max和第二代Nest Hub將實現更強大、更快速的連接。此外,所有Nest Smart Display及各式音箱都將能控制Matter設備,且透過Matter認證,其他控制系統也能使用Google推出的最新版Nest Thermostat。

*Matter連接協議:乙太網路 (802.3), Wi-Fi (802.11), Thread (802.15.4), 同時支持藍芽低功耗設置。

圖 / 擷取自Google Youtube頻道

演算法新突破-LaMDA 讓冥王星、紙飛機可以擬人對話

Google I/O 本次一大看點為LaMDA演算法的揭露。透過機器學習技術,使得LaMDA可讓電腦系統對話變得更加自然,也可以讓其演算法更容易理解使用者語境、對話含義。比如這次大會演示的透過LaMDA讓冥王星、紙飛機進行擬人化對話,表現出了人類在智能AI技術的一大躍進。Google 預期這項技術可以用來優化翻譯功能,使得翻譯內容變得更加流暢,按照Google規劃,LaMDA未來會更進一步應用在Google Search、Google Assistant,最終帶領電腦快速理解影像、文字、聲音的訊息內容並互相連結,藉此提供使用者體驗。這意味著未來你使用Google Nest的時候Google Assistant的回覆會更加人性化,透過Google Search 搜尋鄰近景點時、系統將會自動以地圖標示旅遊路線且標示附近必看風景!

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Oplus Enables Appliance Control with iPhone’s Siri and Home App

Automation start-up Oplus is integrating home appliances like air conditioners and lighting from name brands into Oplus’ platform, allowing users to control them via the Home app or Siri from an iPhone.

Oplus can tweak home appliances from every brands, like air conditioners from Hitachi and Daikin, which by nature are not HomeKit compatible, so that users can adjust temperatures with Oplus’ solution, said Oplus founder and Chief Technology Officer Brian Lin.

Oplus’ strength lies in its ability to turn all devices and appliances – including switches, lights, air conditioners and locks – into smart gadgets and integrating them into its own platform, so that they are controllable via voice or mobile app, Lin pointed out. “We are not as big as Samsung, Sony or Xiaomi which make everything, but we can integrate their products into our platform.”

Oplus provides an integrated platform, similar to Amazon’s Alexa, Google Home and Apple HomeKit. According to Lin, the problem with the smart platforms offered by the name brands is that they are not available in Taiwan, where Oplus is based. In Asia, Alexa is only available in Thailand, and Google Home is only available in Japan. “Also, you need to have products that are compatible with these platforms. But they are not always readily available in Taiwan,” Lin said.

Operating from the standpoint of a home builder, Oplus starts the smart system configuration from electric switchboard in homes. The company prefers wired installation. All its lighting installations go wired. Wireless connection, including Wi-Fi, is not always stable, Lin explained.

Also, Oplus’ system is not connected to the Internet, which means users can be less concerned about security and privacy issues.

The concept of smart home is fairly new and its implementation is just starting to take off. While do-it-yourself (DIY) smart products have been pushed by big consumer brands, DIY products’ reliability and performance usually cannot be guaranteed.

Instead of installing DIY devices individually, professional installation should be done from the electric switchboard, when builders construct homes, Lin said. “This is the best way to implement smart homes.”

Besides providing home solutions, Oplus is also cultivating the commercial building market. Meeting room and air conditioner control are the main office applications, Lin said. Because air conditioner tends to be the biggest source of energy consumption, it may be linked with sensors and curtains as part of a system to conserve energy.

In the meeting room, equipment that need to be controlled include projector, video conference equipment, lights, air conditioner and curtains. Ideally they can all be adjusted with the push of a button, one single voice command or a switch.

Starting a meeting may involve moving the curtains, turning on lights and air conditioning, while the presentation mode involves turning on the projector, dimming the light, and the discussion mode will simply turn off all equipment.

“For business clients, it’s not easy, because so many things need to be connected and controlled. For Oplus it’s easy because we have worked on many similar cases and the requirement is mostly ‘fixed,’ for example, we know which devices in a meeting room need to be connected,” Lin noted.